Power Supplies  1.01
 
30 Amp 13.8 VDC Power Supplies


  
AERO Amateur Radio Club
February 2016

 

 

 

 

Now that you have your Licsense and a radio which Power Supply is best for your application?  With more Dual Band and now Tri-Band radios and HF rigs being introduced into the ham market, the question that comes up frequently is what type of supply is needed to run the radio at home.
 
  • Voltage - Is the measure of the potential to produce an electrical current between the highest and lowest differential in an electrical circuit. The wider the differential, the greater the voltage and thus the greater the amount of burst electricity that is produced. All mobile rigs operate on 12 Volt DC

    Electricity is measured in volts. A cathode and an Anode are both a simple example of a differential circuit. An electrical circuit creates this differential using capacitors, resistors, diodes and other components of which it is comprised. The spark produced between differentials in a circuit is a certain number of volts (denoted ##v, e.g. 12v or 12 volts), depending on the differential in the electrons on either node inside the circuit. Your power supply is rigged to produce a fixed differential on various circuits that exist inside it. There are usually about 5 differential circuits in a power supply unit which cater to specific components on your motherboard. But before you can understand that, you need to appreciate something else:
     
  • Amperage - Also known as "Current" Is the rate of flow of electrons between two differentials. Note the subtle difference between amperage and voltage. Current is measured in amperes (or Amps for short). It is denoted on your power supply as ##a, for example: 18a = 18 amps. Every circuit in your power supply produces a specific voltage at a certain number of amps. Think of amps as the speed of electricity and voltage as the volume. When a certain volume of electricity (volts) travels at a certain speed (amps), you get: The unit only draws the amperage need, so a suitable amperage above what your radio requires is recommended.
     
  • Wattage - Which is also known as "Power". Wattage = Volts x Amps. So when a power supply is rated as 500 Watts, it is the voltage of each circuit inside the power supply multiplied by their individual amp ratings. This wattage is the power rating of the power supply not the output of your radio.
     
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All power supply's share a common construction. A transformer to reduce 110V to 12V, a rectifier bridge to smooth AC to DC , a filter capacitor network to further filter the DV voltage and a regulator to provide constant 12V at any amperage. a basic common power supply schematic shown below.

 Common power supply schematic


Rather than this being a review of a particular Power Supply, this is more a comparison between various types and models available to assist in making the proper purchasing decision. I am not going into the electronics inside the box, only what to expect and the options available. For Amateur use a Regulated Power supply is recommended;


Linear Power Supplies
 

Linear supplies have been around since the beginning of time. They are much heavier than switchers as they use large transformers to convert the AC input voltage to the proper lower voltage needed. The resulting output is then processed through a series of rectifiers and filters, resulting in a very clean, pure, ripple free output. These supplies are primarily used in audio amplifiers, PA systems, test equipment and any device requiring a pure, low noise power source. Because of their size and weight, these supplies can be a bit cumbersome.


Switching Power Supplies
 

Switching supplies came on the scene about four decades ago and are by far the most popular supplies used today, as the noise generated by these supplies can now be held to a minimum. One of the most common uses for switching style supplies is cowering computer hardware. 

In comparison, a typical 5 amp Linear supply could easily weigh in at 5 pounds because of the transformers, where a 25-30 amp switching supply weighs in at about the same. Another advantage of switching power supplies is that they run much cooler.


Ham Radio Applications
 

At one time, using a switching supply for ham radio use was considered unacceptable due to the high and low frequency noise generated. However, today's newer supplies keep this noise to a minimum. Many include an option referred to as a Noise Offset. If noise is detected on a specific frequency, it can be manually shifted up or down..

With many new mobile transceivers used at home, these power supplies are becoming more popular than ever. While the average 25W transceiver will draw between 4-5A, a 50W transmitter will consume between 8-12A. Well within the capability of a 30A switcher. Switching supply's are not recommended for HF radios due to noise factors in switching circuits. 100 watt HF rigs operate best with Linear supply's rated at 28-50 amp continuous.
 
Current Ratings
 

It is important to note that a supply rated 30A on surge may actually only produce only 25A in a continuous duty application. For FM transceiver applications, always refer to the continuous duty rating.
 
 
Mini-Power Supplies 
 
There are small switching supplies available that I hesitate to recommend for transceiver operation. These supplies resemble laptop chargers, and are normally rated 12.6VDC at 3A Max.  I use one with my Leixen VV898, a 10W transceiver that draws just over 1A on transmit.  For a low power application, it works extremely well. However, I've tried this with a 25W transceiver and as expected, it produced about 11W max. 

Even if advertised as compatible with your transceiver, check the power rating.  A 25W transmitter requires 13.6VDC at 3-4A minimum.  My recommendation is unless you are running less than 10W, invest your money is a better supply.

 3 amp Mini power supply

 

Mid-Power Linear Supply


The next example is a linear style supply.  The one shown here is a Pyramid PS15KX, but don't let the model number fool you. The reviews are excellent, but it is not a 15A power supply as you might assume by the name. It's actually rated a10A Continuous.  The nice thing about Pyramid supplies is that they are solidly built. Typical of a linear supply, as mentioned above, it is a 10A supply and weighs just over 10 pounds. If your radio uses the vehicle's accessory jack, you can easily run it with this supply. 
 
Even though it shows both accessory plug and terminals, the maximum output combines is 10A Maximum. That's enough to power the average 25W mobile, but a 50W mobile might be pushing it to the limit.   

Pyramid 15 amp power supply

Basic 20 Amp power supply will operate a 50 Watt mobile Astron RS-20 is a reliable unit.

Astron RS-20 Amp power supply

Basic 30A Switching Supply
 

If you are on a tight budget, this may be the ultimate solution. A simple bare bones 30A switching supply can be purchased for around $25.  Most have the option of either 110VAC or 220VAC input. The example below shows a chassis with 8 terminals. 
-  Two for the 110/220VAC input
-  Three for the 12VDC positive output
-  Three for the 12VDC negative output.
These are exposed terminals, so caution as well as proper fusing must be used. To power a small mobile transceiver, you may also need to purchase a 12VDC accessory plug.  They are very basic with no frills, but can get the job done. You will also need a 110 V power cord and power setting circuit to complete the power supply.

 

 

 30 amp server power supply12 volt power plug

 

Dell PowerEdge Server power supplys Model 2850 is an 700 Watt at 57.3 Amps  and is able to be converted to a Shack Power Supply. They sell refurbised or Used for around $30.00 from various supplyers.

Full Conversion detailed conversion diagram with photos in PFD Format by Charles Ester KC3ANJ & KC3APF Kelly

DELL Poweredge 2850 PSU Full  Conversion PDF

 

 

Full Function Switching Power Supply
 

The other option is to acquire a complete full function power supply (shown below). The examples here show the various options which are available. Although similar in appearance, the configurations are very different. Here are some of the options available.
 
 
30A main terminals - This if where the rubber meets the road. Note that all variations below show 30 Amp in some capacity, either as Continuous or Surge. For FM transceiver operation, I would concentrate on the Continuous rating. The screw terminals on the supply accept either stranded wire or traditional banana jacks.

Bananna plugsBananna jacks

10A accessory plug -  Most 25W transceivers provide a 12V power plug for your vehicles accessory jack. This jack is normally fused for around 10A. Having an accessory jack on the face of the power supply makes it convenient to swap your radio from the car to the house. 

3-5A front terminals -  A pair of auxiliary terminals on the front can be used for that second radio running 25W or less.

5V 2A USB Output -  If you want the convenience of charging you mobile devices, some come equipped with USB jacks.  

Voltage Output -  The supplies below give you the flexibility of of either fixed 13.8V, or variable 9-15VDC. This is selectable by a switch on the back.

Noise Offset -  As well filtered and regulated as they are, there's always the possibility of noise spike showing up. The newer supplies offer a noise adjust which allows the user to shift this noise to a different frequency if this should occur.
 
 
You can't judge a book by it's cover. Below is an example of five power supplies.  All are very similar in appearance, but with different ratings and options.

Recomended Power Supply's to use

 TekPower TP30SWII

Typical Rear View
110/220VAC Input
Cooling Fan
Voltage Selection 
     Fixed 13.8, Adjustable 9-15V
13.8V  30A output Terminals

Rear view of power supply

  TekPower  TP30SWII
Front View
30A Continuous
10A Accessory Plug
 3A  Terminals
Voltage Adjust  /  Noise Offset
Analog  Meter 

Front view

Jetstream  JTPS30LCD  (MTC Radio)

25A Continuous (30A Surge)
10A Accessory Plug
 3A  Terminals
Voltage Adjust
LCD  Meter 

JTPS30 with LCD display

  Alinco  DM-331MV  (MTC Radio)

30 A Continuous (32A Surge)
10A Accessory Plug
 5A  Terminals  x2
Voltage Adjust  /  Noise Offset
LCD V/Amp  Meter 

DM-331 30 amp power supply

  Alinco  DM-330MV  (MTC Radio)

30A Continuous (32A Surge)
10A Accessory Plug
 5A  Terminals  x2
Voltage Adjust  /  Noise Offset
Analog Meter 

Alinco DM-330MVE

 Alinco  DM-330FX

25A Continuous (30A Surge)
10A Accessory Plug
 5A  Terminals  x2
5V 2A  USB Ports  x2
Voltage Adjust  /  Noise Offset
Analog Meter  

Alinco DM-330FX

   

A 28 Amp power supply is recomended for most HF Rigs running 100 Watts or less

  

BIG DOG

Now, if you're looking for what could be the last power supply you'll ever need, you may want to consider this one. No frills, all business and more power than the average user will ever need.

  TekPower  TP50SW

45A
 Continuous (50 Surge)
10A Accessory Plug
Voltage Adjust  /  Noise Offset
Analog Meter  

Tekpower TP50SW

 

JetStream JTPS45 JTPS45

45 Amp Continuous (50 Surge)

7 Amp Accessory Plug  (2)7 Amp Terminals

Voltage adjust 9-15 VDC

Analoug Amp & Voltage Meters

Jetstream 45 amp power supply

As you can see above, power supplies come in all shapes, sizes, and features.  They range in price from $25 to $200+.  I personally use a Jetstream JTPS 45. It runs cool and haven't had the cooling fan come on once, but the Big Dog is awfully tempting.

Which supply is best for you is the one fits your needs and pocketbook. 
 

It is recomended you have power supply for each radio in your shack. Some try to use asseccory rails to power multiple rigs and have damaged power supply and radios. 
 

So many toys, so little time.


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Last updated February 2016

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